January 1 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India by the Royal Titles Act, introduced
by United Kingdom Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
January 8 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry
March 2 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: The United States declares Rutherford B. Hayes
the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on
November 7, 1876.
March 4 - Emile Berliner invents the microphone.
March 4 - Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake debuts.
March 15 - The first Test cricket match, between England and Australia.
May 6 - Realizing that his people were weakened by cold and hunger, Chief Crazy Horse of
the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.
War between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (Russo-Turkish War), leading to the formation
of Bulgaria in 1878. See Russian Foreign Affairs after the Crimean War.
May 8 - At Gilmore's Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Dog Show opens.
May 10 - Romania declares itself independent from Turkey, recognized in 1881 after the end
of the Romanian independence war.
July 9 - All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club begins its first lawn tennis tournament at
July 21 - A day after bloody rioting in Baltimore from Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers
and the deaths of 9 rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh
stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia - Pittsburgh then erupts
into widespread rioting.
August 9 - Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole - Near Big Hole River in Montana, a small band
of Nez Percé Indians who refused government orders to move to a reservation, clash with
the United States Army. The army lost 29 soldiers and Indians lost 89 warriors in a US
August 11 - Asaph Hall discovers the two moons of Mars, which he names Phobos and
August 17 - Arizona blacksmith F.P. Cahill is fatally wounded by Billy the Kid. Cahill will die
the next day, becoming the first person killed by the Kid.
September 5 - Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States
soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
October 10 - Following the recovery of Lieutenant-Colonel George Armstrong Custer's body
from where he fell during the Battle of Little Big Horn the previous year, Custer is given a
funeral with full military honors and is laid to rest at the United States Military
Academy at West Point, New York.
November 21 - Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine
that can record sound (this is considered to be Edison's first great invention) (Edison
demonstrated the device for the first time on November 29).Births
January 30 - Jacob van den Houten
February 14 - Arie Jabob Storm
February 17 - Andre Maginot
, politician, Maginot Line (d. 1932).
February 19 - Gabriele Münter
, painter, member of Blaue Reiter (d. 1962).
February 21 - Johannes Antonius van den Houten
February 21 - Adrianus Robijn
February 25 - Erich von Hornbostel
, musicologist (d. 1935).
March 16 - Reza Pahlavi
, Shah of Iran (d. 1944).
March 18 - Edgar Cayce
, psychic (d. 1945).
March 27 - Julia Antoinette Karstens
April 5 - Pieternella Jacoba van den Houten
April - Gerrit Bakker
May 7 - Maria van den Houten
May 23 - Geertje Maria van den Houten
June 3 - Hendrik Jacobus van den Houten
June 14 - Jane Bathori
, opera singer (d. 1970).
July 2 - Hermann Hesse
, writer (d. 1962).
August 7 - Ulrich Salchow
, Swedish figure skater.
August 19 - Christina Bekkering
September 6 - Buddy Bolden
, jazz musician (d. 1930).
September 22 - Johanna Dina Barbier
September 30 - Jenneke Sinon
October 1 - Samuel (Sam) van den Houten
October 11 - Jozua Quaak
October 16 - Adriana Pieternella van den Houten
October 20 - Janneke(n) Mulder
October 27 - Jan Smit
November 9 - Allama Iqbal
, philosopher-poet (d. 1938).
November 27 - Cornelia van den Houten
December 3 - Jacoba Minne
December 3 - Richard William Pearse
, New Zealander airplane pioneer.Alois Kayser
, German missionary, working on Nauru.Stillborn
February 25 - Pieter Kamerling
May 7 - Stillborn van den Houten
October 16 - Stillborn Maarten van den Houten (twins)
January 4 - Cornelius Vanderbilt
January 21 - Diamond Bessie Moore
February 25 - Pieter Kamerling
July 5 - Jacomijntje Volaart
July 31 - Leendert van den Houten
August 18 - Willemina van den Houten
September 2 - Constantine Kanaris
- Greek politician.
September 5 - Crazy Horse
, Chief of the Oglala Sioux.
September 17 - Pieternella Jacoba van den Houten
October 15 - Jan Verton
October 16 - Theodore Barrière
, French dramatist.
November 9 - Cornelis (Kornelis) van den Houten
December 5 - Jacoba Vermunt
December 27 - Gerrit Bakker
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