Zie: Wikipedia.
Gebeurtenissen:
Mayastad Tikal herontdekt.
Kneipp, pastoor (1821-1892) in Wörishofen, ontwikkelt waterkuren, de zogenaamde
Kneippkuren.
Het "Washington Monument" (een Amerikaanse obelisk van 169 meter hoogte) wordt
opgericht (1884 opgeleverd).
Zwitserland wordt na de burgeroorlog van een confederatie omgevormd tot een federatie.
25 Januari - Verschijning van het Kommunistisch Manifest, geschreven door Karl Marx
en Friedrich Engels. Het draagt op de omslag als kenspreuk: "Proletariërs aller landen,
verenigt u!".
22 Februari - Februari-revolutie in Parijs, ingevolge economische depressie en
voortdurende sociale onrust. Ontstaan van het Second Empire, met Napoleon III.
11 December - Napoleon III wordt president van Frankrijk.
Revoluties in heel Europa. In Frankrijk, Rome en Venetië wordt de republiek uitgeroepen.
Hongarije onder Lajos Kossuth verklaart zich onafhankelijk. Het volgende jaar zijn deze
echter weer onderdrukt.
Nederland krijgt een grondwet, opgesteld door de liberaal Thorbecke, en wordt een
constitutionele monarchie. De macht van de koning wordt aan banden gelegd.
Nederland krijgt voor het eerst een kabinet, het kabinet-Schimmelpenninck.

Geboren:
5 Februari - Belle Starr, Amerikaans bandiet.
11 Februari - Boudewina Houdkamp.
13 Februari - Jacomijntje van den Houten.
3 April - Adriana van den Houten.
29 April - Klasina Meerman.
18 Mei - Cornelia de Witte.
21 Juni - Johannes Bastiaan van den Houten.
23 Juni - Kaatje Verschoor.
5 Juli - Cornelia van Bragt.
15 Juli - Vilfredo Pareto, Italiaans econoom.
12 Augustus - Marcellus Emants, Nederlands schrijver.
31 Augustus - Adriaan van den Houten.
21 September - Arentje Soeteman.
6 Oktober - Teuntje van den Houten.
2 December - Pieternella van Oost.
7 December - Ariaantje Nuij.
Hugo de Vries, geneticus.

Levenloos geboren:
1 Augustus - Levenloos Maller.
21 Augustus - Levenloos Kamerling (jongetje).

Overleden:
5 Januari - Hendrik van den Houten.
15 Januari - Cornelis Jacobsz Verton.
16 Januari - Trijntje van den Houten.
24 Januari - Leendert van den Houten.
10 April - Klaas van den Houten.
20 Mei - Jan Adriaan Berman.
18 Juni - Jan Volaart.
9 Augustus - Maatje van den Houten.
22 November - Willemijntje van den Houten.
19 December - Emily Brontë, Brits schrijfster, overleden in Haworth.


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1848
See: Wikipedia.
Events:
January 24 - California gold rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill, in Coloma,
near Sacramento.
January 26 - Henry David Thoreau addresses the Concord Lyceum with "The Rights and
Duties of the Individual in Relation to Government" (which later came to be known as Civil
Disobedience).
February 2 - Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending
the war.
February 2 - California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants seeking fortune in
California's gold country arrive in San Francisco.
February 21 - Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto.
February 24 - Abdication of Le Roi-Citoyen (citizen king) Louis Philippe, King of the French
and the proclamation of the Second Republic.
March 7 - The Great Mahele (land division) is signed in Hawaii.
March 10 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending
the Mexican-American War.
March 15 - revolution breaks out in Pest. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the
demands of the Reform party.
March 20 - King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.
March 29 - An upstream ice jam stops almost all water flow over Niagara Falls.
May 19 - Mexican-American War: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - Mexico ratifies the treaty
thus ending the war and ceding Texas, California and most of Arizona and New Mexico to
the United States for $15 million dollars.
May 29 - Wisconsin is admitted as the 30th U.S. state.
July 19 - Women's rights: The two day Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls,
New York and the "Bloomers" are introduced at the feminist convention.
July 29 - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - In Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist
revolt against British rule is put-down by a government police force.
August 19 - California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast
of the United States, that there is a gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
November 1 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston
Female Medical School (which later merged with Boston University School of Medicine),
opens.
November 3 - Greatly revised Dutch constitution proclaimed.
November 7 - U.S. presidential election, 1848: Zachary Taylor is elected president in the first
US presidential election held in every state on the same day.
December 2 - Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria.
December 10 - Prince Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte elected first president of the
French Second Republic.
December 20 - President Bonaparte takes his Oath of Office in front of the French
National Assembly.
Wave of republican and democratic uprisings throughout Europe, mostly unsuccessful
(see Revolution of 1848).
Women hold Seneca Falls Convention in New York.
Associated Press is founded.
Boston Public Library is founded by an act of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts.
First railway in Spain is opened, with line Barcelona to Mataró (circa 40 km).
Illinois and Michigan Canal is completed.
Independent Republic of Yucatan joins Mexico in exchange for Mexican help in
suppressing revolt by Maya Indians.
Serfdom is abolished in Austro-Hungarian Empire.
John Bird Sumner becomes archbishop of Canterbury.
British, Dutch, and German governments lay claim to New Guinea.
Admiral Nevelskoi
explores Strait of Tartary.
Dunedin, New Zealand is founded.
University of Ottawa is founded.
University of Mississippi is founded.
University of Wisconsin, Madison is founded.
Geneva College in Pennsylvania is founded.
Holmes County, Florida is created.
Elizabeth Gaskell publishes Mary Barton anonymously.
Henrik Ibsen publishes first play Catilina.
Ivar Aasen publishes Grammar of the Norwegian Dialects.
Robert Schumann composes opera Genoveva.
Richard Wagner begins writing libretto that will become The Ring of the Nibelung.

Births:
January 19 - John F. Stairs, businessman, statesman (+ 1904).
February 5 - Joris-Karl Huysmans, author (+ 1907).
February 5 - Belle Starr, outlaw (+ 1889).
February 8 - Joel Chandler Harris, American journalist, author (+ 1908).
February 11 - Boudewina Houdkamp.
February 13 - Jacomijntje van den Houten.
February 16 - Octave Mirbeau French art critic, novelist (+ 1917).
February 18 - Louis Comfort Tiffany, American glass artist (+ 1933).
February 24 - Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (+ 1907).
February 24 - Grant Allen, author (+ 1899).
February 25 - Edward Harriman, railroad entrepreneur.
February 27 - Hubert Parry, English composer (+ 1918).
March 10 - Albert Fraenkel, physician (+ 1916).
March 19 - Wyatt Earp, policeman, gunfighter (+ 1929).
April 3 - Adriana van den Houten.
April 29 - Klasina Meerman.
May 18 - Cornelia de Witte.
May 18 - Princess Louise of the United Kingdom, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria
and Prince Albert.
May 23 - Otto Lilienthal, engineer (+ 1896).
June 7 - Paul Gauguin, French artist.
June 21 - Johannes Bastiaan van den Houten.
June 23 - Kaatje Verschoor.
July 5 - Cornelia van Bragt.
July 6 - Gabor Baross, Hungarian statesman (+ 1892).
July 15 - Vilfredo Pareto, economist (+ 1923).
July 22 - Winfield Scott Stratton, American miner (+ 1902).
July 25 - George Robert Aberigh-Mackay, Anglo-Indian writer (+ 1881).
July 25 - Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom(+ 1930).
August 31 - Adriaan van den Houten.
September 21 - Arentje Soeteman.
October 6 - Teuntje van den Houten.
November 13 - Albert I of Monaco.
November 29 - John Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer, inventor of
Fleming valve (+ 1945).
December 2 - Pieternella van Oost.
December 7 - Ariaantje Nuij.

Stillborn:
August 1 - Stillborn Maller.
August 21 - Stillborn Kamerling (boy).

Deaths:
January 5 - Hendrik van den Houten.
January 15 - Cornelis Jacobsz Verton.
January 16 - Trijntje van den Houten.
January 19 - Isaac D'Israeli, English author, father of Benjamin Disraeli.
January 24 - Leendert van den Houten.
February 23 - John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States.
March 29 - John Jacob Astor, American businessman.
April 10 - Klaas van den Houten.
May 20 - Jan Adriaan Berman.
June 18 - Jan Volaart.
June 27 - Denis Auguste Affre, archbishop of Paris.
August 7 - Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Swedish chemist.
August 9 - Maatje van den Houten.
August 12 - George Stephenson, locomotive pioneer.
November 22 - Willemijntje van den Houten.
November 23 - Sir John Barrow, English statesman.
November 24 - Lord Melbourne, British Prime Minister.
December 19 - Emily Bronte, author.
Edward Baines, British newspaperman, politician.
Gaetano Donizetti, Italian opera composer.


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1848

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