Zie: Wikipedia.
Gebeurtenissen:
14 Januari - Vrede van Kiel: Denemarken verliest Noorwegen aan Zweden
en Helgoland aan het Verenigd Koninkrijk.
11 Februari - Overwinning van Napoleon in de slag van Montmirail.
29 Maart - In Nederland komt een nieuwe grondwet tot stand.
11 April - Onvoorwaardelijke troonsafstand van Napoleon.
30 Mei - Napoleon gaat op Elba in ballingschap.

Geboren:
27 Juli - Janna van Oost.
20 September - Cornelis van den Houten.
27 September - Paulus van den Houten.
8 Oktober - Klaas Beije.
17 Oktober - Neeltje van den Houten.
6 November - Adolphe Sax, Belgisch muziekinstrumentenbouwer.
27 December - Cornelia Groenleer.

Overleden:
1 April - Jan van den Houten.
23 Augustus - Pieter Witte.
6 Oktober - Cornelis van den Houten.


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1814
See: Wikipedia.
Events:
January 14 - Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden.
January 29 - French army of Emperor Napoleon I wins the Battle of Brienne.
January 31 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
February - Congress of Chatillon - see George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen.
February 1 - Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most
devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano.
February 11 - Norway's independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the
Kalmar Union.
February 14 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Vauchamps.
February 18 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Montereau.
March 7 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.
March 9 - the third USS Enterprise reaches Wilmington, North Carolina, returning from the
Caribbean.
March 10 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
March 27 - War of 1812: In northern Alabama, United States forces under General Andrew
Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
April 4 or April 6 - Emperor Napoleon abdicates.
April 10 - the Duke of Wellington wins the Battle of Toulouse.
May 17 - Norway's new constitution.
May 17 - Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian hands.
May 30 - The First Treaty of Paris is signed returning France's borders to their 1792 extent.
Napoleon I of France is exiled to Elba on the same day.
July 5 - War of 1812: Battle of Chippewa - American Major General Jacob Brown defeats
British General Phineas Riall at Chippewa, Ontario.
July 24 - War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward Niagara Falls, Ontario to halt
Jacob Brown's American invaders.
July 25 - War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane - Reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls,
Ontario for General Riall's British and Canadian force, and bloody, all-night battle with
Jacob Brown's Americans commences at 18.00; Americans retreat to Fort Erie.
August 13 - signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.
September 11 - USS Ticonderoga is victorious in the Battle of Lake Champlain.
November 28 - London The Times newspaper becomes the first to be printed on a steam-
powered press.
December 24 - peace treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812 between United States and Britain.
George Stephenson designs his first locomotive Blutcher
Alexandria, Virginia is threatened by the British fleet and pays $100,000 for immunity from attack.
John Abernethy appointed lecturer in anatomy to the Royal College of Surgeons
John Keats leaves apprenticeship to become a student at a local hospital
Sir Walter Scott writes Waverley.

Births:
January 27 - Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, French architect.
May 30 - Michael Bakunin, anarchist (+ 1876).
August 28 - Sheridan le Fanu, Irish writer.
September 20 - Cornelis van den Houten.
September 27 - Paulus van den Houten.
October 8 - Klaas Beije.
October 17 - Neeltje van den Houten.
November 6 - Adolphe Sax, instrument maker, inventor of the saxophone.
December 27 - Cornelia Groenleer.

Deaths:
January 27 - Philip Astley, the father of modern circus.
March 28 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, inventor of the guillotine.
April 1 - Jan van den Houten.
May 29 - Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France.
July 27 - Janna van Oost.
August 23 - Pieter Witte.
August 31 - Arthur Phillip, the first governor of New South Wales, Australia.
October 6 - Cornelis van den Houten.
October 19 - Mercy Otis Warren, American playwright.
November 23 - Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States of America, died in office.
December 2 - Donatien Alphonse Francois de Sade.


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1814

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