Europe's populatioin was ~85 million. (Spielvogel).
January 1- Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Year's Day.
July 2 - Battle of Nieuport: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau
forces under Archduke Albert in a battle on the coastal dunes.
October 6 - Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, is premiered in Florence.
October 8 - San Marino gains its written constitution.
October 21 - Battle of Sekigahara in Japan, in which Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated Ishida Mitsunari, setting the stage for the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate. End of the Azuchi-
Momoyama period and beginning of the Edo period.
Girolamo Aleandro the Younger's Gaii, veteris juris consulti Institutionum fragmenta,
cum commentario is published.William Gilbert
publishes De Magnete which describes the Earth's magnetic field and
is the beginning of modern geomagnetism.
Fabritio Caroso's Nobiltà de dame is published.
Battle of Suceava - Prince Sigismund Bathory of Transylvania is defeated by the
Voivode Michael the Brave of Moldavia as part of the internecine conflict in Hungary
and the Danubian Principalities.
December 31 - British East India Company is chartered.Births
November 19 - Prince Charles Stuart
, later King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.Deaths
February 17 - Giordano Bruno, religious reformer (burned at the stake).To my Homepage