Zie: Wikipedia.
Gebeurtenissen:
17 Januari - De door de opstandelingen aangestelde Landsheer van de Nederlanden,
Frans van Anjou, ontketent de Franse furie in Antwerpen. De stedelingen slaan zijn
aanval af en zijn positie in de Lage Landen is verloren.
12 April - Willem van Oranje huwt na de dood van Charlotte van Bourbon zijn vierde
echtgenote, de Franse Hugenote Louise de Coligny
23 April - Eervolle overgave van de stad Eindhoven na 3 maanden van beleg tijdens het
Beleg van Eindhoven (1583)
Mei - Toyotomi Hideyoshi verslaat Oda Nobutaka in de Slag bij Shizugatake.
De Spaanse Hertog van Parma verovert tot in 1585 alle steden in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden;
de noordelijke Nederlanden ondernemen geen actie.
Kirsten Piil ontdekt een natuurlijke bron in het noorden van Kopenhagen. De bron trekt vele
bezoekers en hieruit ontstaat later het attractiepark Dyrehavsbakken.

Geboren:
10 April - Hugo de Groot, Nederlands rechtsgeleerde, diplomaat en politicus (overleden 1645)
September - Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italiaanse componist en organist (overleden 1643)
25 December - Orlando Gibbons, Engelse componist (overleden 1625)
Abraham Cornelisse van den Houten.

Overleden:
12 Januari - hertog van Alva (75), Spaans legeraanvoerder ten tijde van het begin van de
Tachtigjarige Oorlog
Exacte datum onbekend:
Nurbanu Sultan (±58), heerser van het Ottomaanse Rijk van 1574 tot 1583
Martinus Riethovius (72), eerste bisschop van Ieper


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1583
See: Wikipedia.
Events:
January 18 - François, Duke of Anjou, attacks Antwerp.
March 10 - The Queen Elizabeth's Men troupe of actors is founded.
May - Battle of Shizugatake: Shibata Katsuie is defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
July - Spanish admiral Santa Cruz defeats the Portuguese, French, and English off Terceira.
August 5 - Sir Humphrey Gilbert, in what is now the city of St John's, Newfoundland,
claims the island of Newfoundland on behalf of England.
August 19 - Petru Cercel enters Bucharest, and becomes Prince of Wallachia.
Undated:
Toyotomi Hideyoshi commences construction of Osaka Castle in Japan.
King James VI of Scotland signs a charter creating Tounis College (now the University
of Edinburgh). For some unknown reason, the charter is dated a year earlier[citation needed],
as 1582.
The first documented battle of India's independence against a European colonial ruler is
fought by the Desais of Cuncolim in Goa, against the Portuguese.
The world's oldest, intact, still-surviving amusement park, Dyrehavsbakken, is founded.

Births:
January 8 - Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (d. 1643)
March 3 - Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and
philosopher (d. 1648)
April 10 - Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (d. 1645)
June 16 - Axel Oxenstierna, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (d. 1654)
June 20 - Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
July 2 - Dodo Knyphausen, German soldier (d. 1636)
September - Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (d. 1643)
September 24 - Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (d. 1634)
November 24 - Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)
December 17 - Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, English adventurer and soldier (d. 1642)
December 25 - Orlando Gibbons, English composer (d. 1625)
Date unknown:
Hendrick Jacobszoon Lucifer, Dutch pirate and buccaneer (d. 1627)
Johann Heinrich Alting, German divine (d. 1644)
John Beaumont, English poet (d. 1627)
Bonaventura Elzevir, Dutch printer (d. 1652)
Stanis?aw Lubomirski, Polish nobleman (d. 1649)
Philip Massinger, English dramatist (d. 1640)
Hayashi Razan, Japanese neo-Confucianist scholar (d. 1657)
Probable:
Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian (d. 1646)
Nzinga, warrior queen of Ndongo and Matamba (d. 1663)
Aurelian Townshend, English poet (d. 1643)
Abraham Cornelisse van den Houten.

Deaths:
March 18 - King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
April - Lucas David, Prussian historian (b. 1503)
May 6 - Zacharias Ursinus, German theologian (b. 1534)
June 6 - Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese military commander (b. 1556)
June 6 - Shibata Katsutoyo, Japanese military commander (b. 1556)
June 9 - Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1525)
June - Oda Nobutaka, Japanese samurai (b. 1558)
July 1 - Sakuma Morimasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (beheaded)
July 6 - Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1519)
September 9 - Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer (born c. 1537)
September 16 - Catherine Jagiellon, queen of John II of Sweden (b. 1526)
November 11 - Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, Irish rebel
November 24 - René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
December 14 - Ivan Fyodorov, Russian printer
December 31 - Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian (b. 1524)
Date unknown:
Shibata Katsuie, Japanese military commander (b. 1530)
Andrei Kurbskii, Russian writer (b. 1528)


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1583

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